We have always said that kids they learn new things much faster than adults. For example, as a child, it takes much less time to start speaking a new language than it does as an adult. Or it takes much less effort to understand how a new sport is played.
But why is this? Could it be because of a characteristic that minors have and not adults? Or is it simply because children pay more attention to information that is new to them? Recently, a group of researchers tried to answer this question.
According to this new study published in the journal current biology, the children are able to grasp new information and skills more quickly than adults, and the reason is that children and adults have differences in a brain messenger called GABA.
As Takeo Watanabe of Brown University in the United States explains, GABA stabilizes newly learned material, thus school-aged children”they can learn more things in a certain period of time than adults, which makes learning more effective in children.
The study showed that children have a rapid boost in GABA during visual training, which lasts after the training ends. This is in stark contrast to GABA concentrations in adults, which remain constant.
Therefore, the results suggest that children’s brains react differently to training than adults, allowing them to stabilize new learning more quickly and effectively.
Adult GABA does not show significant changes
It has always been assumed that children learn faster than adults, although until now scientific explanations for these claims have been scarce. Moreover, until now, it was not known to which neural mechanisms this more efficient learning in children was due.
Therefore, researchers started from this base, trying to find the Differences of GABA between children and adults to meet your assumptions.
Although previous studies have already verified this, the researchers found that GABA in children was only measured at one time and was not measured at particular times in terms of learning.
Therefore, they sought to see how GABA levels change before, during and after learning, to analyze the differences between children and adults.
In this way, experts analyzed visual learning in school-aged children and adults using state-of-the-art neuroimaging and behavioral techniques.
They found that visual learning caused a increased GABA in the visual cortex of children, the area of the brain that processes visual information. In addition, this increase in GABA also persisted several minutes later to complete the training.
On the other hand, in the case of the adults, what they saw was completely different, because GABA of adults showed no change.
Promote this rapid learning to acquire new skills
In short, the results conclude that training with new elements rapidly increases the concentration of GABA in children and allows a rapid stabilization of learning, whereas this is not the case in adults.
In doing so, the results demonstrate that children canacquire new knowledge and skills much faster than adults, which would allow them to acquire many more skills.
According to experts, this ability to learn quickly should be encouraged so that children encourage this acquisition of skills more, by trying to learn the multiplication tables or riding a bike.